Added AP Terms

zeug·ma

the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words when it is appropriate to only one of them or is appropriate to each but in a different way, as in to wage war and peace  or On his fishing trip, he caught three trout and a cold.

me·ton·y·my

a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.”

a·syn·de·ton

noun 1. Rhetoric .

the omission of conjunctions, as in “He has provided the poor with jobs, with opportunity, with self-respect.”

li·to·tes

understatement, especially that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary, as in “not bad at all.”

 

polysyndeton

1.

 the use of several conjunctions in close succession, esp where some might be omitted, as in he ran and jumped and laughed for joy

anaphora

1.

 the use of a word such as a pronoun that has the same reference as a word previously used in the same discourse. In the sentence John wrote the essay in the library but Peter did it at home,  both did  and it  are examples of anaphora

2.

rhetoric  the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses

(Greek: "a carrying up or back"), a literary or oratorical device involving the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several sentences or clauses, as in the well-known passage from the Old Testament (Ecclesiastes 3:1-2) that begins: For everything there is a season, and a time for every matter under heaven :a time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up what is planted; . . .